DOI: https://doi.org/10.14739/2310-1210.2018.6.146775

Роль бариатрической хирургии и метаболизма гормонов аппетита в лечении ожирения: обзор литературы

A. O. Nykonenko, Ye. I. Haidarzhi, O. S. Nykonenko, M. H. Holovko, A. S. Protsenko

Аннотация


Одними из самых частых хирургических вмешательств, выполняемых при лечении ожирения, являются лапароскопическая рукавная резекция желудка (ЛРРЖ), лапароскопическая пликация большой кривизны желудка (ЛПБКЖ), лапароскопическое шунтирование желудка по Ру (ЛШЖР). Наряду с эффективной потерей веса эти операции приводят к изменениям в продукции гормонов аппетита, которые играют важную роль в эндокринной регуляции энергетического обмена.

Цель работы – изучение роли и взаимодействия указанных бариатрических операций (ЛРРЖ, ЛПБКЖ и ЛШЖР) и метаболизма гормонов, связанных с регуляцией аппетита, в лечении ожирения по данным научной литературы с учетом отдельной точки зрения известных бариатрических хирургов.

Материалы и методы. Обзор проведен путем проведения поиска в базах данных сети Интернет PubMed, Scopus и Google Scholar, используя комбинацию ключевых слов, касающихся бариатрической хирургии и метаболизма гормонов, связанных с регуляцией аппетита.

Результаты. Анализируемые операции (ЛРРЖ, ЛПБКЖ и ЛШЖР), направленные на лечение ожирения, непосредственно приводят к эффективному снижению индекса массы тела и потере веса и опосредованно, через функцию жировой ткани оказывают значительное влияние на энергетический баланс и уровень гормонов, связанных с регуляцией аппетита. Описанные в обзоре анатомические и физиологические изменения, вероятно, вызваны выполнением указанных хирургических вмешательств.

Выводы. Лапароскопическая рукавная резекция желудка, лапароскопическая пликация большой кривизны желудка, лапароскопическое шунтирование желудка по Ру – наиболее эффективные операции в лечении ожирения с похожим эффектом. Существует тесное взаимодействие между индексом массы тела, потерей жировой ткани, вызванной анализируемыми бариатрическими вмешательствами, с уровнем гормонов, связанных с регуляцией аппетита. Однако хирургические эффекты на этот процесс в каждом отдельном случае недостаточно изучены и требуют дальнейшей работы в этом направлении.

 


Ключевые слова


ожирение; бариатрическая хирургия; гормон аппетита

Полный текст:

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Литература


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