DOI: https://doi.org/10.14739/2310-1210.2018.6.146777

Острые респираторные инфекции и их осложнения

I. М. Andreichyn, V. O. Kachor, Ya. I. Yosyk, N. A. Nychyk, І. І. Hanberher

Аннотация


Цель работы - формирование современных представлений об эпидемиологических особенностях, этиологической структуре, клинических проявлениях и основных осложнениях гриппа и других острых респираторных инфекций на основе анализа современной научной литературы.

Материалы и методы. Анализ и обобщение данных современной научной литературы о гриппе и ОРВИ.

Выводы. На сегодня грипп и острые респираторные инфекции остаются проблемой мирового значения, вызывая наиболее массовые заболевания, частые эпидемии и даже пандемии. Особо опасен грипп для пожилых, беременных и младенцев. Приведены новейшие данные об этой болезни, ее распространении, особенностях эпидемий 2009 г. и 2016 г., типичных клинических проявлениях, основных осложнениях (пневмония, респираторный дистресс-синдром, синусит) и их клинической картине. Освещена очередная проблема гриппа, вызванного новым вирусом гриппа А (H1N1) Калифорния – типичной эмерджентной инфекции, которая может приобрести размах пандемии. В результате стремительного распространения нового вируса гриппа А (H1N1), возможен обмен его генетической информации с вирусами сезонного и птичьего гриппа. Мутация, которая возникнет при этом, приведет к повышению патогенных свойств, что сделает мутантный штамм более агрессивным.

 


Ключевые слова


грипп; острые респираторные инфекции

Полный текст:

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Литература


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