Effects of moderate-intensity continuous training therapy on claudication symptoms and carotid intima-media thickness in patients after endovascular and classical bypass treatment (a pilot study)





endurance training, carotid intima-media thickness, critical iliac stenosis, bypass, endovascular treatment patency



Research on moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) is closely connected with primary and secondary cardiovascular protection but also can be associated with primary bypass patency and outcome of endovascular treatment for critical iliac stenosis TASC II A and B. After specific surgical or non-surgical treatment, iliac bypass or endovascular revascularization patency still depends on an individual and is still in the eye of scientific research modalities. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is an efficient surrogate parameter in detection and prediction of cerebrovascular events and potential marker of generalized atherosclerosis with prognosis of peripheral arterial disease related to prognosis of atherosclerotic coronary hemodynamic pathology.

Materials and methods. A total of 139 patients were observed during 4 years of MICT. Ultrasonography of the distal part of the common carotid artery (CCA) was performed to measure CIMT before and after revascularization procedure. The bypass patency and walking distance was also studied.

Results. In the total population, no difference in changes of CIMT from baseline was observed between the standard exercise group and controls in 4 years. However, there was a significant correlation between the effect of exercise training and CIMT within 4 years. CIMT was not significantly reduced in the exercise group compared with control non-diabetic patients.

Conclusions. Exercise training in both groups did not significantly change carotid intima-media thickness in the four years following endovascular procedure and Dacron bypass revascularization, but significant beneficial effect of moderate-intensity continuous training on bypass patency was observed in patients with mild or without claudication symptoms as well as on subjective and objective health status.


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How to Cite

Solaković, S., Jogončić, A., Pavlović, R., Vrcić, M., Čović, N., Solaković, E., Skrypchenko, I. T., Čaušević, D., Dorofieieva, O. Y., & Yarymbash, K. S. (2020). Effects of moderate-intensity continuous training therapy on claudication symptoms and carotid intima-media thickness in patients after endovascular and classical bypass treatment (a pilot study). Zaporozhye Medical Journal, 22(6). https://doi.org/10.14739/2310-1210.2020.6.218439



Original research