Gender peculiarities of clinical and instrumental indexes in patients with acute Q-wave myocardial infarction after primary coronary intervention
Keywords:myocardial infarction, percutaneous coronary intervention, myocardial reperfusion, gender differences
The aim: to determine gender differences in the course of acute Q-wave myocardial infarction in patients after primary coronary intervention.
Materials and methods. Results of clinical and instrumental examination of 58 patients with acute Q-wave myocardial infarction were analyzed. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to gender: group 1 (n = 33) – men, mean age 61.0 (55.0; 69.0) years, group 2 (n = 25) – women, mean age 69.0 (63.0; 78.0) years. All the patients underwent coronary angiography followed by angioplasty and stenting of the infarct-dependent coronary artery.
Results. In men, the number of leukocytes was significantly higher (by 24.7 %, P = 0.02) and the plasma level of low-density lipoproteins was significantly lower (by 30.9 %, P = 0.007), there was a tendency towards a higher concentration of creatine kinase-MB (by 41.0 %, P = 0.11) at the time of hospital admission as compared to women. Women showed significantly increased thickness of the posterior wall of the left ventricle (LV) (by 7.31 %, P = 0.02) and a tendency towards the prevalence of the interventricular septum wall thickness (by 7.46 %, P = 0.1). The LV end-diastolic and end-systolic dimensions tended to prevail in men (by 2.41 %, P = 0.47 and by 7.81 %, P = 0.19, respectively). Men were found to have a lower peak A rate (by 23.37 %, P = 0.007), a higher E/A ratio (by 52.27 %, P = 0.009), LV diastolic dysfunction (DD) occurred less frequently (χ2 = 2.89, P = 0.08), and there was a tendency to develop eccentric LV hypertrophy (χ2 = 2.39, P = 0.12) and type 2 LV DD (χ2 = 3.82, P = 0.07). Type 1 DD was more common in women (χ2 = 5.71, P = 0.02). In men, there was a tendency to the formation of zones of LV akinesia (χ2 = 2.5, P = 0.09) and decreased LV ejection fraction (χ2 = 1.57, P = 0.31).
Conclusions. In the acute period of Q-wave myocardial infarction after revascularization, in men, unlike in women, systolic dysfunction is developed more often. It is accompanied by acute left ventricular failure, eccentric left ventricular hypertrophy and type 2 diastolic dysfunction formation as well as signs of systemic inflammation. In women, in the acute period of Q-wave myocardial infarction after revascularization, concentric left ventricular remodeling occurs more frequently and is accompanied by type 1 left ventricular diastolic dysfunction.
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