Determination of comorbidity index for high-risk patients with coronary artery disease before cardiac surgery




coronary artery disease, high-risk patient, comorbidity, cardiac surgery


The aim: to determine the comorbidity index before cardiac surgery in high-risk patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).

Materials and methods. A retrospective analysis of data from 354 random high-risk patients who underwent a surgery and were discharged from National M. Amosov Institute of Cardiovascular Surgery affiliated to National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine during the period 2009–2019. The mean age of patients was 61.9 ± 9.6 years. All the patients were examined: ECG, ECHO CG, coronary angiography before the surgery as well as Charlson comorbidity index was calculated and a risk on the scales EuroSCORE I, EuroSCORE II and STS was stratified.

Results. I–III degree obesity was revealed in 133 (37.5 %) patients, patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) were more likely to have BMI >30 kg/m2 (P = 0.017). Patients with normal weight had a carotid artery stenosis >50 % (P = 0.014) and history of stroke (P = 0.043) significantly more frequently. No differences in comorbidity of overweight and normal weight patients were detected (5.73 ± 1.70 vs. 5.9 ± 1.8, P = 0.4638). Type 2 DM was diagnosed in 90 (25.4 %) patients. In the case of normoglycemia, the comorbidity index was significantly lower than in type 2 DM (4.88 ± 1.38 vs. 6.60 ± 2.03, P = 0.0001) and glucose intolerance 5.8 ± 1.5 (P < 0.0001). Chronic kidney disease (CKD) G3a–G4 stages was diagnosed in 132 (37.2 %) patients. Significant higher comorbidity was found in patients with G3a–G4 stages CKD in comparison to those with G1–G2 stages CKD – 6.33 ± 1.78 vs. 5.46 ± 1.60 (P < 0.0001). Among comorbidities in patients with gouty arthritis, type 2 DM (P < 0.0001), obesity (P = 0.0080), CKD G3a–G4 (P = 0.0020) and varicose veins of the lower extremities (P = 0.0214) were significantly more common. Preoperative risk stratification according to the EuroSCORE II scale averaged 8.8 %.

Conclusions. Preoperative analysis of baseline status in CAD patients showed the high Charlson comorbidity index, which averaged 5.7 ± 1.7. The weak direct correlation between the comorbidity index and the high predicted cardiac risk on the ES II scale (r = 0.2356, P = 0.00001), length of stay in the intensive care unit (r = 0.1182, P = 0.0262) and discharge after the surgery (r = 0.1134, P = 0.0330) was found.

Author Biography

О. К. Gogayeva, National M. Amosov Institute of Cardiovascular Surgery Affiliated to National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv

MD, PhD, Leading Researcher of the Department of Surgical Treatment of Ischemic Heart Disease


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How to Cite

Gogayeva О. К. (2021). Determination of comorbidity index for high-risk patients with coronary artery disease before cardiac surgery. Zaporozhye Medical Journal, 23(4), 485–491.



Original research