Characteristics of the personal profile of active servicemen with dissomnic manifestations

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14739/2310-1210.2023.2.263865

Keywords:

dyssomnias, military, combatants, mental disorders, psychogenic disorders, clinic, personality, mental health

Abstract

Aim: to study specifics of psychopathogenesis and the influence of personal characteristics on the pathopsychological content of dissomnic manifestations in active servicemen of the Armed Forces of Ukraine by examining the personal profile.

Materials and methods. In total, 64 active servicemen of the Armed Forces of Ukraine with inorganic sleep disorders were included in a prospective clinical study on the basis of Military Hospital of Military Unit 3309 (Zaporizhzhia) and served as the study group; the comparison group included 40 patients who were treated at the Department of Borderline Conditions of “Regional Clinical Institution for the Provision of Psychiatric Care” of Zaporizhzhia Regional Council and had sleep disorders within neurotic mental disorders. To achieve the aim of the study, anamnestic, clinical-psychopathological, psychodiagnostic, clinical-psychophenomenological and clinical-statistical methods were used. As a psychodiagnostic tool, the Methodology for studying personality accentuations of K. Leonhard and G. Shmishek was chosen.

Results. The most common types of accentuation in active servicemen with dyssomnic manifestations were sticking (18.75 % of the contingent), dysthymic (17.19 %) and hyperthymic (9.38 %). The most frequent combined clinical types of accentuations were “dysthymic-sticking” (9.38 %), “anxious-dysthymic” (4.69 %) and “hyperthymic-demonstrative” (3.13 %).

Conclusions. As a result of the study, the characteristics of the personal profile and their influence on the pathopsychological content of dissomnic manifestations in active servicemen of the Armed Forces of Ukraine have been determined. The data obtained on the relationship between the personal profile characteristics and clinical types of dyssomnia would provide an opportunity to optimize measures for the detection and psychotherapeutic correction of dissomnic manifestations in active servicemen of the Armed Forces.

Author Biography

G. V. Guk, Zaporizhzhia State Medical University, Ukraine

MD, PhD-student of the Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, General and Medical Psychology, Narcology and Sexology

References

Tiutiunnyk, L. L. (2020). Boiovyi stres ta shliakhy podolannia yoho psykhotravmuiuchykh naslidkiv [The combat stress and the ways to overcome its psychotraumatic effects]. Visnyk Natsionalnoho universytetu oborony Ukrainy, (2), 106-115. [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.33099/2617-6858-2020-55-2-106-115

Brownlow, J. A., Klingaman, E. A., Miller, K. E., & Gehrman, P. R. (2022). Trauma type as a risk factor for insomnia in a military population. Journal of affective disorders, 308, 65-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2022.04.018

Danilevska, N. V. (2022). Classification of stressful factors associated with COVID-19 pandemic and quarantine among Ukrainian military personnel. Zaporizhzhia Medical Journal, 24(1), 56-60. https://doi.org/10.14739/2310-1210.2022.1.240366

MacGregor, A. J., Markwald, R. R., Dougherty, A. L., & Seda, G. (2020). The relationship between military occupation and diagnosed insomnia following combat deployment. Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM, 16(7), 1125-1132. https://doi.org/10.5664/jcsm.8444

Lee, M. R. G., Breitstein, J., Hoyt, T., Stolee, J., Baxter, T., Kwon, H., & Mysliwiec, V. (2021). Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia among active duty military personnel. Psychological services, 18(1), 42-50. https://doi.org/10.1037/ser0000340

Blinov, O. A. (2019). Boiova psykhichna travma [Сombat mental trauma]. Kyiv : Talkom. [in Ukrainian].

Ratsyborynska-Polyakova, N. V., & Semenenko, K. M. (2018). Osoblyvosti proiaviv dysomnii v uchasnykiv boiovykh dii [Features of dyssomnias in combatants]. Arkhiv psykhiatrii, 24(4), 178-181. [in Ukrainian].

Schmischek, H. (1970). Fragebogen zug Ermittlung Akzen-tuierter Persönlichkeiten. Psychiatrie, Neurologie und medizinische Psychologie, 22(10), 378.

Kokun, O. M., Pishko, I. O., Lozinska, N. S., Kopanytsya, O. V., & Malkhazov, O. R. (2011). Zbirnyk metodyk dlia diahnostyky psykholohichnoi hotovnosti viiskovosluzhbovtsiv viiskovoi sluzhby za kontraktom do diialnosti u skladi myrotvorchykh pidrozdiliv [Collection of methods for diagnostics of psychological readiness of military personnel to contract military service for activities within peacekeeping units]. Kyiv : NDC НP ZSU. [in Ukrainian].

Guk, G. V. (2021). Klinichno-diahnostychnyi hlosarii typolohii porushen snu u viiskovosluzhbovtsiv Zbroinykh Syl Ukrainy [Clinical-Diagnostic Glossary of the Typology of Sleep Disorders in Servicemen of the Armed Forces of Ukraine]. Ukrainskyi visnyk psykhonevrolohii, 29(1), 12-16. [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.36927/2079-0325-V29-is1-2021-2

Published

2023-03-28

How to Cite

1.
Guk GV. Characteristics of the personal profile of active servicemen with dissomnic manifestations. Zaporozhye medical journal [Internet]. 2023Mar.28 [cited 2024Feb.24];25(2):153-7. Available from: http://zmj.zsmu.edu.ua/article/view/263865