The state of the cytokine profile in pregnant women with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease at the stage of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis with varying degrees of comorbid obesity under the influence of the developed complex therapy program

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14739/2310-1210.2023.2.268274

Keywords:

non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, cytokine profile, obesity, pregnancy complications, vitamin E, ursodeoxycholic acid

Abstract

The aim of the study: to evaluate the cytokine profile state in pregnant women with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) at the stage of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with varying degrees of obesity under the influence of the developed complex therapy program.

Material and methods. We examined 197 pregnant women with NAFLD at the stage of NASH in combination with obesity. The main group I consisted of 98 pregnant women with NAFLD at the stage of NASH with varying degrees of obesity, who were divided into 3 subgroups depending on body mass index (BMI). Among them, 26 pregnant women with BMI of 25.0–29.9 kg/m2 were included in IA group, 48 pregnant women with BMI of 30.0–34.9 kg/m2 were included in IB group, and 24 pregnant women with BMI of 35.0–39.9 kg/m2 – in IC group. All pregnant women in the main group were prescribed complex therapy including vitamin E at a dose of 400 IU/day, ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) at a dose of 15 mg/kg/day, and L-carnitine at a dose of 3 g per day. The comparison group consisted of 69 women with NAFLD at the stage of NASH and abdominal obesity, who corresponded to subgroups of the main group (IIA – 23 patients, IIB – 25 women, IIC – 21 pregnant women) and received basic therapy. The control group consisted of 30 healthy women. To evaluate the cytokine profile, levels of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α were determined by ELISPOT.

Results. Analysis of the cytokine profile in women with NASH and obesity showed the presence of systemic inflammation links in the examined groups, which was manifested by increased levels of pro-inflammatory and decreased levels of anti-inflammatory interleukins in blood serum of pregnant women. A prescription of the complex treatment contributed to a decreased activity of the inflammatory response, which was manifested by an improvement in the levels of cytokine profile indicators.

Conclusions. NASH during pregnancy is accompanied by significant changes in the cytokine profile. The prescription of complex therapy in the form of vitamin E, UDCA and L-carnitine is effective in the treatment of pregnant women with NAFLD at the stage of NASH due to cumulative and potentiating effects, reducing manifestations of systemic inflammation by normalizing the level of cytokines.

Author Biographies

L. V. Bahnii, I. Horbachevsky Ternopil National Medical University of Health Ministry of Ukraine

MD, Assistant of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2

S. M. Heriak, Ivan Horbachevsky Ternopil National Medical University of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine

MD, PhD, DSc, Professor, Head of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2

N. I. Bahnii, Ivan Horbachevsky Ternopil National Medical University of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine

MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2

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Published

2023-03-28

How to Cite

1.
Bahnii LV, Heriak SM, Bahnii NI. The state of the cytokine profile in pregnant women with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease at the stage of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis with varying degrees of comorbid obesity under the influence of the developed complex therapy program. Zaporozhye Medical Journal [Internet]. 2023Mar.28 [cited 2024May20];25(2):136-41. Available from: http://zmj.zsmu.edu.ua/article/view/268274