Etiopathogenetic features of recurrent aphthous stomatitis: modern approaches to prevention and treatment

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14739/2310-1210.2023.4.274414

Keywords:

aphthous stomatitis, recurrence, treatment, dental prophylaxis, aphthae, mouth ulcers

Abstract

Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is an inflammatory disease of the oral mucosa, which has a chronic course with periods of remission and exacerbations. RAS requires adequate diagnosis for the purposes of properly treating.

The study on RAS remains relevant over many years and continues to be a priority in modern dentistry.

The aim of the work is to analyze the information in the professional literature on pathogenetic variants of RAS and approaches to its treatment and prevention.

Despite the variety of studies, the etiology and pathogenesis of the disease remain the subject of numerous discussions.

This article provides a review of current research on the main etiopathogenetic mechanisms of the disease development and progression, specifies current recommendations for therapeutic approaches to treatment and prevention.

Conclusions. To date, there is no definitive therapeutic tactic for recurrent aphthous stomatitis, so it is advisable to systematize and study methods for the prevention and treatment of this pathology, including pain relief, acceleration of ulcer healing and reduction of its episode frequency and severity.

Considering the etiopathogenetic variant of the disease development (metabolic disorders, stress, allergies, etc.), preventive measures should be comprehensive and include oral hygiene, a sparing diet, multivitamin and micro-, macroelement complexes, etc.

Author Biographies

K. S. Hanchev, Zaporizhzhia State Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Ukraine

MD, PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of Propaedeutical and Surgical Dentistry

O. O. Kokar, Zaporizhzhia State Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Ukraine

MD, PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of Therapeutic, Orthopedic and Pediatric Dentistry

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Published

2023-07-20

How to Cite

1.
Hanchev KS, Kokar OO. Etiopathogenetic features of recurrent aphthous stomatitis: modern approaches to prevention and treatment. Zaporozhye medical journal [Internet]. 2023Jul.20 [cited 2024Apr.20];25(4):360-4. Available from: http://zmj.zsmu.edu.ua/article/view/274414