The significance of melatonin as one of the signaling substrates in the expression of psychopathological disorders in the late period after traumatic brain injury

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14739/2310-1210.2024.3.299500

Keywords:

traumatic brain injury, consequences, melatonin, neurological pathophysiology

Abstract

Aim. To discuss the functional properties of melatonin which plays a key role in the expression of psychopathological disorders following traumatic brain injury (TBI).

The influence of melatonin on neurochemical changes, which may lead to various mental disorders, has been analyzed. Specifically, its impact on asthenia, cognitive impairments, emotional instability, and insomnia, which are among the main symptoms accompanying TBI in the chronic phase, has been examined. The importance of studies on melatonin as a neurotransmitter and its role in the circadian rhythm regulation, which is often impaired as a consequence of TBI, has been emphasized. The mechanisms underlying these disorders may be related to dysfunction of the hypothalamus and interhemispheric interactions. Melatonin may influence the recovery processes after TBI, reducing inflammation and providing optimal conditions for tissue regeneration. It opens up new possibilities for the development of therapy aimed at reducing the impact of trauma consequences on patients. Earlier studies have also indicated the option of using melatonin as an antioxidant, which can protect brain tissue from further damage caused by recovery processes after injury.

Studies on pharmacological modulation of the melatonin system could be useful for developing new methods for treatment and prevention of mental disorders associated with TBI. Examining the action of melatonin receptor antagonists and agonists can help to choose optimal treatment strategies aimed at correcting disorders arising as a result of trauma. It holds promise for faster and more complete recovery of mental health in TBI patients.

Conclusions. Considering the significance of melatonin in regulation of physiological processes, further studies may enrich understanding of its role, ensuring the development of more effective treatment methods. Given the safe profile of melatonin and its availability as a supplement, supportive studies in this direction have the potential to positively impact clinical practice.

Author Biographies

M. O. Ovcharenko, State Establishment “Lugansk State Medical University”, Rivne, Ukraine

MD, PhD, DSc, Professor, Head of the Department of Neurology, Psychiatry, Narcology, Ophthalmology, Otolaryngology and Oncology

Ye. Yu. Verbytskyi, State Establishment “Lugansk State Medical University”, Rivne, Ukraine

MD, PhD, Assistant of the Department of Neurology, Psychiatry, Narcology, Ophthalmology, Otolaryngology and Oncology

T. M. Radchenko, Kharkiv National Medical University, Ukraine

MD, PhD, Assistant of the Department of Psychiatry, Narcology, Medical Psychology and Social Work

V. Ye. Kazakov, State Establishment “Lugansk State Medical University”, Rivne, Ukraine

MD, PhD, DSc, Associate Professor of the Department of Neurology, Psychiatry, Narcology, Ophthalmology, Otolaryngology and Oncology

I. O. Chumakova, State Establishment “Lugansk State Medical University”, Rivne, Ukraine

MD, Assistant of the Department of Neurology, Psychiatry, Narcology, Ophthalmology, Otolaryngology and Oncology

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Published

2024-05-31

How to Cite

1.
Ovcharenko MO, Verbytskyi YY, Radchenko TM, Kazakov VY, Chumakova IO. The significance of melatonin as one of the signaling substrates in the expression of psychopathological disorders in the late period after traumatic brain injury. Zaporozhye Medical Journal [Internet]. 2024May31 [cited 2024Jul.24];26(3):242-6. Available from: http://zmj.zsmu.edu.ua/article/view/299500