Адъювантная химиотерапия при раке желудка

I. P. Kolesnyk, A. I. Shevchenko

Аннотация


Лечение рака желудка остаётся актуальным вопросом онкологии. С целью улучшения результатов практически во всех странах мира рекомендован комбинированный подход к лечению этого заболевания. С середины XX века активно изучается роль адъювантной химиотерапии. В нашем критическом обзоре представлены базовые клинические исследования, посвящённые данной проблеме. Было выяснено, что результаты научных работ, проведённых в США и странах Европы, существенно отличаются от результатов, полученных в Японии и Корее. По данным клинических исследований, адъювантная химиотерапия показала свою эффективность только у пациентов «восточной» популяции с объёмом лимфодиссекции D2. В то же время у пациентов «западной» популяции этот режим химиотерапии оказался неэффективным. При этом в большей части работ из США и стран Европы выполнялся ограниченный объём лимфодиссекции, который в настоящее время является неприемлемым при хирургическом лечении пациентов с резектабельным раком желудка. Актуальным остаётся проведение клинических исследований, посвящённых изучению эффективности адъювантной химиотерапии у пациентов «западного» региона после радикальной операции с D2 лимфодиссекцией.


Ключевые слова


рак желудка; адъювантная химиотерапия; рандомизированное исследование; метаанализ

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Литература


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14739/2310-1210.2015.6.56306

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