The features of functional state of masters athletes in training and competitive activities
Keywords:physiological phenomena, diagnostics, prognosis, athletes
Purpose. To determine the main components of the functional state of masters athletes and its dynamics in training and competitive activities.
Materials and methods. The work is based on the results of a comprehensive functional examination of 19 athletes at mean age of 42.2 ± 7.8 years specializing in Ironman 70.3 triathlon for a period of 1 to 4 years. Functional diagnostics of the cardiovascular, respiratory and autonomous nervous system as well as biochemical studies were performed, the level of physical performance was determined.
Results. The main factors limiting the functional state level of the masters athletes were revealed: “metabolic activity” (32.1 % of the total load) “enzymatic activity” (24.84 %), “autonomic” (16.2 %). The main correlations between the indicators of basic body systems functional state in masters athletes were established. The multiple regression equation was calculated, which allowed determining the influence of certain significant parameters on the functional state level in the masters athletes. Based on a comparative analysis of the functional state of the masters athletes, the dynamics of changes in the functional state indicators in training and competitive activities were determined.
Conclusions. The main indicators that provide information on a comprehensive diagnosis presenting the level of functional status of masters athletes are: ALT; AST; CPK; LDH; spare capacity; total metabolic capacity; coefficient of blood circulation efficiency. The high reliability of the results obtained allows their use in both complex and rapid functional diagnostics of masters athletes.
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