The role of metabolic syndrome in the development of polycystic ovary syndrome in adolescence

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14739/2310-1210.2023.3.251479

Keywords:

obesity, metabolic syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome, adolescence, diagnosis, treatment, prevention

Abstract

The review article presents an analysis of the metabolic syndrome problem in children and adolescents, its role in the development of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in accordance with the latest International guidelines and modern literature. The urgency of the problem lies in the rapid spread of overweight among children in the world and, consequently, the growth of alimentary-dependent pathology. One of the major consequences of weight problems is metabolic syndrome (MS).

There are still no clear MS criteria for children and adolescents. IDF suggests using IDF criteria for adults. Priority in the pathogenesis of MS is given to insulin resistance (IR), which is associated with puberty. The problem of IR assessment remains. HOMA-IR and QUICKI methods are not considered reliable tests to determine IR, so the assessment is based on clinical signs (hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, abdominal obesity, hypertension).

Obesity and IR can be predictors of PCOS, which can often be associated with puberty. Pathological signs of the syndrome typical for adults in adolescence may be a manifestation of the physiological course of puberty. Obligative criteria for the diagnosis of PCOS in adolescence are irregular menstruation/oligomenorrhea, proven biochemically and clinically hyperandrogenemia).

First-line therapy for PCOS in adolescents with MS is weight loss and dosed exercise, which helps to normalize a hormonal balance. Drug treatment may include insulin-sensitizing drugs (metformin), antiandrogens (spironlactone, flutamide, cyproterone acetate), 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors (finasteride), combined oral contraceptives, inositol. Prevention of overweight, obesity in children can prevent the development of IR and, accordingly, associated MS and PCOS, reproductive health disorders. Prevention measures are aimed at avoiding maternal obesity, gestational diabetes, malnutrition and smoking during pregnancy, promoting breastfeeding and physical activity.

Author Biographies

N. V. Avramenko, Zaporizhzhia State Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Ukraine

Professor, Head of the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine, Faculty of Postgraduate Education

O. V. Kabachenko, Zaporizhzhia State Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Ukraine

MD, PhD, Assistant of the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine, Faculty of Postgraduate Education

D. Ye. Barkovskyi, Zaporizhzhia State Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Ukraine

MD, PhD, DSc, Professor of the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine, Faculty of Postgraduate Education

К. V. Sierykh, Zaporizhzhia State Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Ukraine

MD, Senior Laboratory Assistant of the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine

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Published

2023-05-31

How to Cite

1.
Avramenko NV, Kabachenko OV, Barkovskyi DY, Sierykh КV. The role of metabolic syndrome in the development of polycystic ovary syndrome in adolescence. Zaporozhye Medical Journal [Internet]. 2023May31 [cited 2024Jun.18];25(3):255-61. Available from: http://zmj.zsmu.edu.ua/article/view/251479