Prediction of tension-type headache risk in adolescents


  • K. A. Stepanchenko Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education,



tension-type headache, adolescents, prognosis


Tension-type headache is the actual problem of adolescent neurology, which is associated with the prevalence of the disease, the tendency of the disease to the chronic course and a negative impact on performance in education, work capacity and quality of patients’ life.

The aim. To develop a method for prediction of tension-type headache occurrence in adolescents.

Materials and methods. 2342 adolescent boys and girls at the age of 13-17 years in schools of Kharkiv were examined. We used questionnaire to identify the headache. A group of adolescents with tension-type headache - 1430 people (61.1%) was selected. The control group included 246 healthy adolescents. Possible risk factors for tension-type headache formation were divided into 4 groups: genetic, biomedical, psychosocial and social.

Mathematical prediction of tension-type headache risk in adolescents was performed using the method of intensive indicators normalization of E.N. Shigan, which was based on probabilistic Bayesian’s method. The result was presented in the form of prognostic coefficients.

Results. The most informative risk factors for tension-type headache development were the diseases, from which the teenager suffered after 1 year (sleep disorders, gastrointestinal diseases), autonomic disorders in the family history, traumatic brain injury, physical inactivity, poor adaptation of the patient in the kindergarten and school, stresses. Diagnostic scale has been developed to predict the risk of tension-type headache. It includes 23 prognostic factors with their gradation and meaning of integrated risk indicator, depending on individual factor strength influence.

The risk of tension-type headache development ranged from 25,27 to 81,43 values of prognostic coefficient (low probability (25,27-43,99), the average probability (43,99-62,71) and high probability (62,71- 81,43)).

Conclusion. The study of tension-type headache risk factors, which were obtained by using an assessed and prognostic table, shows the importance of hereditary family history of headache and autonomic dysfunction, neonatal pathology, diseases that children were suffered after 1 year of life and psychosocial disorders in adolescents.


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How to Cite

Stepanchenko KA. Prediction of tension-type headache risk in adolescents. Zaporozhye medical journal [Internet]. 2016Oct.13 [cited 2024Feb.27];18(4). Available from:



Original research