Integral neuroimaging criteria for predicting the outcome of the acute period of spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage on the background of conservative therapy
Keywords:cerebral hemorrhage, neuroimaging, prognosis
The aim of the study was to develop criteria for predicting the outcome of the acute period of spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage (SSICH) on the background of conservative therapy, taking into consideration the lesion localization in conjunction with neuroimaging parameters of the quantitative severity assessment of the damage to cerebral structures.
Materials and methods. Prospective cohort examination of 314 patients in acute period of SSICH on the ground of conservative treatment. Clinical and neurological examination consisted of using the Full Outline of Unresponsiveness coma scale and NIHHS, neuroimaging with the help of computed tomography with detection of SSICH localization, volume of intracranial hemorrhage, secondary intraventricular hemorrhage and midline shift. Disease acute period outcome was evaluated on the 21st day by the Rankin scale.
Results. It was detected that integrated neuroimaging SSICH’s type considering its localization and quantitative severity estimation of cerebral structure injury was closely associated with the disease acute period outcome on the ground of conservative therapy (χ2 Pearson = 308.6, Р < 0.0001). Thus, mortality rate was the highest in patients with posteromedial type of thalamic hemorrhage (50.0 %), global type of thalamic hemorrhage (91.7 %) and massive type of striatocapsular hemorrhage (89.8 %). Unfavorable functional outcome as the modified Rankin scale score 4–5 on 21st disease day predominated among patients with posterolateral types of thalamic hemorrhage (76.5 %) and striacapsular hemorrhage (64.3 %). Whereas the frequency of favorable outcome was the highest among patients with anterior/dorsal type of thalamic hemorrhage (100.0 %), posteromedial (88.0 %), middle (95.0 %), lateral types of striatocapsular hemorrhage (61.9 %) and lobar (74.5 %) hemorrhage.
Conclusions. Posteromedial type of thalamic hemorrhage, global type of thalamic hemorrhage and massive type of striatocapsular hemorrhage are the predictors of lethal outcome of the acute period of SSIСH on the background of conservative therapy. Criteria for unfavorable short-term functional outcome are posterolateral types of thalamic and striatocapsular hemorrhage, while anterior/dorsal type of thalamic hemorrhage, posteromedial/middle type of striatocapsular hemorrhage and lobar hemorrhage are associated with favorable outcome of the acute period of the disease.
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